Source of figures:        USACE (US Army Corps of Engineers), 1999. Evaluation and comparison of stability analysis and uplift criteria for concrete gravity dams by three federal agencies. Engineering Research and Development Center – Information Technology Laboratory. Report ERDC/ITL TR-00-1, Washington, D.C.

       USACE (US Army Corps of Engineers), 1995. Engineering and design: Gravity dam design. Report EM 1110-2-2000, Washington, D.C.

USACE uplift pressure distribution with drainage gallery (no cracking):

USACE uplift pressure distribution with foundation drains near upstream face (no cracking):

USACE uplift distribution with cracking not extending beyond drains:

USACE uplift distribution with crack extending beyond drains: